Mr. Augustine is the retired chairman and chief executive officer of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and a former under secretary of the Army. He is often compared to Microsoft chairman Bill Gates and former Intel CEO Craig Barrett for his national leadership in technology. Augustine was among several individuals who testified to Congress regarding the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report that was released in 2005 entitled, Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Augustine chaired the NAS panel that conducted the study. The report recommends ways to strengthen research and education in science and technology.